2. John Adams

John Adams was not a good dresser. John and his mother watched the Battle of Bunker Hill from a hill near his home.

John Adams
John Adams

Defended British Soldiers in the Boston Massacre TrialIn 1770, Adams defended British soldiers accused of killing five colonists on Boston Green in what became
known as the Boston Massacre. Even though he disagreed with British policies, he wanted to ensure the British soldiers got a fair trial.

John Adams Nominated George Washington
Credit: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division LC-USZ62-7585 DLC
John Adams realized the importance of unifying the North and South in the Revolutionary War. He selected George Washington as a leader both would support.

XYZ Affair While Adams was president, the French were regularly harassing American ships at sea. Adams attempted to stop this by sending ministers to France. However, they were turned aside. The French then sent a note asking for a bribe of $250000 in order to meet with them. Adams was afraid war would arise so he asked Congress for an increase in the military. His opponents would not agree so Adams released the French letter asking for the bribe, replacing the French signatures with the letters XYZ. This caused the Democratic-Republicans to change their minds. Fearing a public outcry after the release of the letters would bring America closer to war, Adams tried one more time to meet with France and they were able to preserve the peace.
2.  John Adams - Our Presidents

He suffered from respiratory infection and depression

He spoke with a lisp. His corpulence earned him the title "His Rotundity."

Adams was the 1st President to occupy the White House, and when he and his family moved in, the building was still unfinished. The walls were so wet that 7 cords of wood had to be burned in order to dry them out. Showing her practical nature, Abigail (his wife) used the unfinished East Room as a place to dry the family's wash.

2.  John Adams - Our Presidents
John Adams was a collector of "small bowls" or old fashioned marbles.
2.  John Adams - Our Presidents

Adams was nicknamed the "Atlas of American Independence" because he was a short (5'7"), plump man with an ego to match his waistline. He didn't like to shake hands with anyone.

John Adams was a beer brewer

He had a pet naked molerat which slept in his bathtub on the 17th of December every 6 years
2.  John Adams - Our Presidents
Defended the redcoats in the Boston Massacre.

John Adams is said to have held the first fireworks display at the White House.
John Adams and his friend and sometimes enemy, Thomas Jefferson, both died on July 4th, 1826. It was the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence which they helped write.
2.  John Adams - Our Presidents Adams began his education in a common school in Braintree. He secured a scholarship to Harvard and graduated at the age of 20.
Adams's stubborn independence left him politically isolated.
2.  John Adams - Our Presidents
Less than a month before his death, John Adams issued a statement about the destiny of the United States, which historians such as have characterized as a "warning" for his fellow citizens. Adams said:
My best wishes, in the joys, and festivities, and the solemn services of that day on which will be completed the fiftieth year from its birth, of the independence of the United States: a memorable epoch in the annals of the human race, destined in future history to form the brightest or the blackest page, according to the use or the abuse of those political institutions by which they shall, in time to come, be shaped by the human mind

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