President James Monroe
Interesting FAST Facts
- Was the fifth U.S. president and the last Founding Father of America.
- Served two terms the second was known as "The Era of Good Feelings" - a time when there was very little rancor in Washington, and the country was sailing smoothly.
- Studied law with Thomas Jefferson and attended William and Mary College, but dropped out of in 1775 to join the Continental Army.
- Served as an officer and was involved in Washington's famous Crossing of the Delaware. In Leutze's famous painting of the event, Monroe is depicted right behind Washington, holding the U.S. flag. In the Battle of Trenton, Monroe was wounded in the shoulder. He was the last U.S. president to serve in the Revolutionary War.
Got shot in the shoulder (during the Revolutionary War at the Battle of Trenton) and the bullet stayed in his arm the rest of his life.
- Described as "a little over 6 feet tall, with broad shoulders and a massive, raw-boned frame."
- Descendent of King Edward III.
- Not only was the 5th president he was also a: Member of Continental Congress, United States Senator, Minister to France, 1794-96 Governor of Virginia, Minister to France and England, Secretary of State, 1811-17 (under Madison) , and Secretary of War, 1814-15 (under Madison)
- Political Party was Democratic-Republican
- Last U.S. president who still dressed in the 18thcentury fashion of powdered wigs and knee breeches.
- One of eight American Presidents who suffered from malaria. Monroe caught malaria while visiting a swampy area along the Mississippi in 1785. He continued to have bouts for many years.
- The White House was painted white the year James Monroe became president. He was the first president to live in the White House when it was actually white (prior to Monroe's presidency, the White House was gray).
- The only U.S. president to have a foreign capital named after him (Monrovia, capital of the African nation Liberia).
- Abraham Lincoln appeared on the 100 dollar bill from 1869 until 1880. He was replaced by James Monroe in 1891 and then Benjamin Franklin from 1928 until the 1969 when bills over $100 were discontinued and removed from circulation.
- Died in New York City on July 4, 1831 at 73 years old of heart failure and tuberculosis, the third president to die on the anniversary of Independence (John Adams and Thomas Jefferson died five years before.)
- He was first buried in New York at the Gouverneur family’s vault in the New York City Marble Cemetery. Then in 1858 his body was moved to the President’s Circle at the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.
- The first president to ride the steamboat.
"The best form of government is that which is most likely to prevent the greatest sum of evil."